In the last tutorial, we created a tax calculator app. If you didn’t follow along, I encourage you to read it first as this tutorial builds off the last one. Today, we’re going to take the existing tax calculator all a but further by adding a tip calculator. This will again be rather straightforward and simple, but offers a easy introduction into swift.
Ok, so what do we want to accomplish here? Well, we want to find the amount based on a tip of let’s say 12% and then add that tip to the tax total to create a grand total for the bill. To do this,we’re going to need some more variables – a tipPercent variable to hold the tip amount (12%), a tip variable to do some calculations, and a grandTotal variable to find the total.
Let’s dive in! First, we need to create a new variable called tipPercent to hold the 12%. Let’s create a float of 0.12.
var tipPercent = 0.12
Next, inside the calculation function, create a new variable called tip which will calculate the tip of 12% based on the total we found in the previous tutorial. TO do so, multiply tipPercent (the variable which holds 12%) by the total to find the amount.
var tip = tipPercent * total
Notice that the tip is $3.15. Next, we need to find the grandTotal by adding the tip we calculated above to the total amount we calculated in the previous tutorial. Create a new variable and call it grandTotal.
var grandTotal = tip + total
Bam! Our total is $29.40! Next time I’m at a resturant, I’ll just write this program and find the answer!
But wait, we should have the program print out a nice little result in a string, right? Let’ do that now.
Create a constant called printed and use string interpolation to print our the values. Make the value a string with the variables inside. Here’s how you do it.
let = "The tax was $ \(tax). The total cost $ \(total) and the tip was \(tip). Ultimately, it cost me $ \(grandTotal)."
When you use a variable or constant inside a string with the \(name_of_variable), it’s called string interpolation.
Update:Download the full source code here.